How Old Is Earth, And How Do We Know? Full Text

Do not make a mockery out of God’s Word by telling people Adam and Eve lived with dinosaurs, or Noah’s flood caused major geologic changes to the earth. Do not tell people the earth is only 6,000 years old when the Bible and Creation itself tells us it is far older. The concept of a 6,000 year old earth is based on the fact there have been roughly 6,000 years since the formation of Adam. Today we take for granted that we live among diverse communities of animals that feed on each other.

Many people have been led to believe
that radiometric dating methods have proved the earth to be billions of years
old. This has caused many in the church to reevaluate the biblical creation
account, specifically the meaning of the word “day” in Genesis 1. With our
focus on one particular form of radiometric dating—carbon dating—we will
see that carbon dating strongly supports a young earth.

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As they lacked any idea of modern scientific principles, religions were free to imagine whatever timescales seemed appropriate to their belief systems. In Dinosaur Blood and the Age of the Earth, I respond to this young-earth argument, suggesting three mechanisms that can account for carbon-14 in fossil remains (and by extension, in geological materials) from an old-earth perspective. The more rocky clusters stayed closer to the sun and formed the nine planets, with the more gaseous drifting further away. These are seen by carbon-dating in rocks and layers of sheets of the microbes preserved in sediment (stromatolite).

Our Moon is the brightest and most familiar object in the night sky. In many ways, the Moon is responsible for making Earth such a great home. It stabilizes our planet’s wobble, which has made the climate less variable over thousands of years. From an average distance of 93 million miles (150 million kilometers), Earth is exactly one astronomical unit away from the Sun because one astronomical unit (abbreviated as AU), is the distance from the Sun to Earth.

How Carbon Dating Works

On the
contrary, radiometric ages are verified whenever possible and
practical, and are evaluated by considering other relevant
data. Carbon-14 dating has been instrumental in mapping human history over the last several tens of thousands of years. When an object is more than about 50,000 years old, however, the amount of carbon-14 left in it is so small that this dating method cannot be used.

The Institute for Creation Research

The slope of the line in
such a plot is simply the natural abundance 54Fe/58Fe ratio. The same sort of line will be obtained by plotting any
pair of naturally occurring isotopes of the same element
normalized by any nonradiogenic isotope, including
87Rb/86Sr ratio versus 85Rb/86Sr ratio. Contrary to Slusher’s (117) statement, these plots demonstrate only elemental variations in
nature, not isotopic fractionation, and they have nothing to do
with the validity of the Rb-Sr isochron. Two extensive
K-Ar studies on historical lava flows from around the world
(31, 79) showed that excess argon is not a serious problem for dating
lava flows. The authors of these reports “dated”
numerous lava flows whose age was known from historical records. In nearly every case, the measured K-Ar age was zero, as expected
if excess argon is uncommon.

The idea is that snails produce carbon dioxide which is utilized by the plants, the plants produce oxygen which utilized by the snails. Of course, it doesn’t take long before the experiment fails in death for all those in the aquarium. Just like archaeologists dig into the ground to learn about different periods in time, scientists who study the Earth’s climate, called paleoclimatologists, take a similar approach. Some moons are bits of rock that were captured by a planet’s gravity, but our Moon is likely the result of a collision billions of years ago. When Earth was a young planet, a large chunk of rock smashed into it, displacing a portion of Earth’s interior. With a radius of 1,080 miles (1,738 kilometers), the Moon is the fifth largest moon in our solar system (after Ganymede, Titan, Callisto, and Io).

If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. Through its media interventions, ELCA shut down the argument that we should not discuss climate change during a crisis and made clear that the Federal Government was warned of the risks of catastrophic bushfires and failed to act. Hydrogen can be made in ways that yield little if any planet-warming greenhouse gases. The Energy Department says hydrogen, once produced, can generate power in a fuel cell, emitting only water vapor and warm air.

Other times, the findings will differ slightly, at which point scientists apply so-called ‘correction tables’ to amend the results and eliminate discrepancies. However, in the 1960s, the growth rate was found to be significantly higher than the decay rate; almost a third in fact. This indicated that equilibrium had not in fact been reached, throwing off scientists’ assumptions about carbon dating. They attempted to account for this by setting 1950 as a standard year for the ratio of C-12 to C-14, and measuring subsequent findings against that.

Measurements of
decay rates under differing gravitational and magnetic fields
also have yielded negative results. Although changes in alpha and
beta decay rates are theoretically possible, theory also
predicts that such changes would be very small
(42) and thus would not affect dating methods. There are two
serious flaws in Slusher’s (117) argument; first, the Rb-Sr isochron method does
a uniform distribution of 87Sr. It only requires that the Sr isotopic composition, i.e.,
the 87Sr/86Sr
ratio, be constant in all phases (commonly minerals from the same
rock) at the time the rock formed (Figure 2).